She reminds us that slavery was sanctioned in Canada and not abolished until 1833. Slavery was abolished in Vermont before it was in British North America and black slaves escaped from Canada to Vermont.
Canadian racism is basted in denial, says Roach.
She recalls when permanent residents (not citizens) had a right to vote under the notion that we were "building a new Canada." This is no longer the case.
She now will speak about the profound impact that police violence had on her life and made her want to be a lawyer. Albert Johnson shot dead in front of his home and daughter in 1979. The first time she had seen a dead body and the first time she had witnessed such injustice. She thought "we can't live in a country like this" and has been campaigning against it ever since.
In the late '90s, 7 per cent of the population of the GTA were black, and 25 per cent of those killed by police were black, says Roach.
Roach's time is up, but speaks about the role of the inquest in police investigations where members of the black population are killed by police or subject to police brutality and their importance in the prevalence of systemic racism.
She says although inquests are supposed to be measures to find accountability in these matters, they are often "farces." But we have to "use what [measures] we have because although we feel powerless, those in positions of power do not see you as powerless. They see you as potentially full of power. That's why so much money and resources are pooled into surveying you," says Roach.
That concludes Kike Roach's response.
Questions are now being taken from the crowd. The first questioner asks where Harris-Perry sees the role of the "black mother." She says she intentionally left women out of her talk as a performance art technique as women are "always left out of the conversation." Only a portion of the violence against black women is a result of white supremacy, and a good portion of it is the "black patriarchy." Harris-Perry says she is a sexual assault survivor and was assaulted at the hands of a black man.
She says to attribute the violence against black women wholly to white supremacy would be doing a disservice to her own experience. "Many black mothers whose children are the direct and public images of victimization at the hand of white supremacy are not just collateral damage of those acts of violence, but are often survivors of acts of violence perpetrated by blacks and whites," she Harris-Perry says.
Andray Domise running for city councilor of Ward 2 in Toronto asks what should he do to engage the black people in his community to vote. Harris-Perry says unity is "not necessary, interesting or compelling in the political arena, particularly unity that is socially constructed."
Last question: terrorism and how the American government defines who is a terrorist. The questioner references bombs placed on a Cubana 455 flight by a person trained by the CIA in October 1976 that killed many Guyanese citizens.
"The things that constitute our state's angst is not about whether you do a bad thing or a good thing, but about whether you do it under a cover of legitimacy--which can be conveyed before or after the act," Harris-Perry responds.
Harris-Perry bows to the crowd and receives a second standing ovation. This concludes the Ryersonian's live blog coverage of "From Ferguson to Toronto: Examining Race, Politics and Scholarship." Thanks for tuning in.